New research has found that UK veterans face challenges finding longer-term civilian careers that enable them to reach their full potential.
The Longer-term Employment Outcomes of Ex-Service Personnel report from QinetiQ, in partnership with Warwick Institute for Employment Research and RFEA – The Forces Employment Charity, and commissioned by Forces in Mind Trust, is one of the first UK studies to explore the longer-term employment outcomes for veterans, beyond the first two years of resettlement.
The research found that while the majority of ex-Service personnel maintain employment over time, it can often involve numerous jobs and periods of un-employment. Not all ex-Service personnel reported being satisfied with their civilian job or career; less than half (44.5%) felt that they found the ‘right job’ for them in the longer-term and which maximises their potential (42.5%) or provides them with opportunities to progress (42.4%).
The research recommends several initiatives to better prepare Service leavers for the civilian labour market and to ensure that employers can take advantage of this skilled cohort. They include:
- Access to civilian work placements, building knowledge for transition and innovation within the Armed Forces, for all Service personnel.
- Mandatory transition support for all Service leavers.
- Training on commercial, marketing, and financial skills as part of the Resettlement package for all personnel.
- Improved data collection on the employment outcomes of ex-Service personnel and their families to ensure government and support services can effectively identify challenges and respond effectively.
Some groups face greater challenges when leaving the Armed Forces, making them more likely to experience unsuccessful employment in the longer-term. This includes women, ethnic minorities, those who are wounded, injured and sick, and older Service leavers. In addition to demographic factors, unrealistic expectations of the civilian job market, a lack of transferrable skills and an inability to adapt to civilian environments were all found to persist over the longer-term and reduce the chances of a successful transition out of the Armed Forces.
Mike Ellicock, Chief Executive, Forces in Mind Trust, says: “This important report highlights the ongoing challenges experienced by ex-Service personnel as they move from the Armed Forces into civilian employment. Successful employment is not just about finding a job; we must look beyond the traditional two-year point, and beyond an approach that saw being employed as success, full stop. It is far more nuanced and must encapsulate the experiences of this heterogeneous group. The report helpfully sets out a measure for successful employment which I would encourage government and others to use going forward.
“We will continue to work with the Armed Forces and business communities to communicate the value Service leavers have, and to empower them to take control of their transition through the provision of tailored support.”
Natalie Fisher, Senior Occupational Psychologist and Research Lead at QinetiQ, says: “This study has highlighted that transition to civilian life is not time-related and differs according to the individual and complexity of their situation; taking some personnel far longer to adjust. Whilst many ex-Service personnel maintain employment longer-term it is clear that not all find the ‘right job’ for them or feel successful. The findings of this report suggest that moving beyond a simplistic measure of employment success is key to understanding the challenges faced by ex-Service personnel longer-term and that it is too simplistic to divide ex-Service personnel into two groups: those who are successful and those who are not successful. Of course these extremes exist, but for many the truth lies somewhere in the middle.”
Alistair Halliday, Chief Executive of RFEA – The Forces Employment Charity, says “This report breaks new ground by exploring what long term employment looks like for Service leavers, beyond their first two years post-discharge. These findings show that whilst many ex-Forces find employment with relative ease in those early years of transition, some may face other barriers later on in their civilian careers.
“The research reveals that whilst veterans regard the Military as having provided them with highly sought-after ‘soft skills’, such as leadership and teamwork, there appears to be a gap in transferable skills to ready them for the business world, including commercial and marketing skills and financial awareness. It is important that we learn from these important new findings and act on this new data to ensure veterans receive the support they need to reach their full potential and feel successful in their civilian careers.”
Notes to Editors
About Forces in Mind Trust (FiMT):
FiMT was founded in November 2011 by a £35 million endowment from the Big Lottery Fund (now The National Lottery Community Fund). As a member of Cobseo – the Confederation of Service Charities and a permanent member of its Executive Committee, the Trust works within the Armed Forces charities sector, and much more widely, to support the UK’s Armed Forces Community.
The mission of FiMT is to enable ex-Service personnel and their families to make a successful and sustainable transition to civilian life. FiMT delivers this mission by generating an evidence base that influences and underpins policy making and service delivery, and by strengthening the Armed Forces charities sector through collaboration and leadership, and by building its capacity.
FiMT’s grants and commissions are designed to generate sustained change that improves the lives of ex-Service personnel and their families. FiMT awards grants to support its Change Model based on six outcomes: Housing; Employment; Health; Finance; Criminal Justice System and Relationships.
What we fund: www.fim-trust.org/what-we-fund/
RFEA – The Forces Employment Charity – exists to provide life-long, life-changing support, job opportunities, and training to service leavers, reservists, veterans and their families, irrespective of circumstances, rank, length of service, or reason for leaving.
Founded in 1885 and operating across the UK, we have the specialist knowledge and understanding to bridge the gap between military life and civilian employment. We work in partnership with other organisations and employers who, like us, respect and value the unique qualities and abilities of all those who have served.